April 15, 2021
Monabat Kari is one of the most delicate handicrafts. It is a combination of art and patience of artists who create valuable products with cheap and simple raw materials, artists who, with a few pens and metal chisels express their minds with Kufic lines, Islamic motifs, calligraphy, and flowers that are carved on wood. The history of this industry reaches 1500 years and the oldest inlaid work left in Iran is the large wooden panel of the old Atigh Grand Mosque of Shiraz, which belongs to the 10th century. After the advent of Islam and due to the prevalence of the spirit of building Islamic centers and mosques, Iranian artists were among the first to spend all their energy and talent on decorating mosques, creating doors and windows that reflected taste and art.
Engraving, embossing, and sculpting are the styles of this art. Monabat Kari is done in two types: small and large, on wood, ivory, and bone, and includes sculpture, profile and full face, Islamic petals, and so forth. Mesh is used to decorate frames and other luxury items such as cosmetic boxes, jewelry boxes, executor (small boxes), needle holders, pens, spoons, trays, plates, and bowls. Among the cities of Iran, Abadeh and Shiraz are the centers where woodcarving and other forms of this art are very popular.
Monabat Kari is the art of carving and engraving on wood, which, contrary to its simple and quick descriptions, is a complex and difficult craft and requires a lot of perseverance. Carving in Fars Province is more common in Shiraz and Abadeh.