April 15, 2021
Zarghan City is located in Fars province, 25 km outside Shiraz. This city has been a center for handicrafts since ancient times. One of the most important and oldest is the art of weaving, which has a long history. Zarghan Hasir is made of straw and raw materials. Zarghan Hasirbafi is used as a base and used in the construction of nomadic houses and roofs of houses. With the modernization of today's life, handicrafts must meet today's needs. Hasir and Bouria are no exception to this rule.
Bouria can now show off in a variety of decorative items and other items in all homes. Today, in different parts of our country, especially in the north and south, wherever palm leaves, wheat stalks, reeds, and twigs are available, signs of mat weaving (Hasirbafi) and basket weaving (Bouria-bafi) can be found. However, this handicraft is most prolific in Fars, Sistan, and Baluchestan, Khuzestan and Kurdistan provinces. Hormozgan, Bushehr, Khorasan, Kerman, Yazd, Mazandaran, Gilan, East Azerbaijan and Tehran are also famous for their Bouria.
Mat weaving or Hasirbafi is undoubtedly one of the oldest handicrafts. Examples found in Mesopotamia and Africa show that mat weaving and basket weaving originated not only in textiles but also in pottery. From the past to the present, the mat has had various uses such as bags, bread baskets, fruit baskets, and lampshade caps.