Vitreous enamel

April 15, 2021

Shekoufeh Ahmadi Arts & Crafts
Reading Time: 2 Minutes

Mina Kari is a brilliant work of fire and earth, dating back to 1500 BC and appearing on metal during the sixth to fourth centuries BC. This art is more prominent in Iran than any other place, and one of the oldest examples of it in the Safavid era has been mentioned by the French tourist Chardin. Mina Kari can be done on gold and silver objects, but basically, enameling is done on copper. To prepare the enamel, several steps must be taken. First, the enamel must be shaped by a specialist blacksmith, and after it is made, the Mina Kar (the person who does the Mina Kari) paints it with glaze, then, the object goes into the oven with a temperature of about 700 to fix the color of the glaze. After that, it’s painted in different colors. It goes to the furnace once again to achieve its desired color.

Gold is used to make red enamel. The green color of enamel is obtained from copper and its yellow color is obtained from mung bean flower. Blue and turquoise are made of metals and white is made of special paints, which are well received in the Iraqi cities of Samarra.

In a Nutshell

Mina Kari is an art that has gained popularity and prosperity in recent years. Its great masters have also appeared in the Pahlavi era. Today, the greatest enamel master of Isfahan is Mr. Shokrullah Sanizadeh. Most of the items that the current enamel makers offer to the market are earrings, necklaces, rings, large and small boxes of women's makeup, cigarette cans, inlay and enamel boxes, kitchen ware, and so forth.

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