April 15, 2021
Persian carpet weaving is a 12 centuries-old art. The oldest document in which Persian carpets are mentioned is the property of Harun Al-Rasheed Abbasi, which was prepared after his death in 809. Most of the Old Persian carpets are made of wool and cotton yarn and are found only in areas such as Darab, Eghlid, and Abadeh Mountains.
The warp strings are not dyed in hand-woven wool roots, nor those with silk ones; therefore, the natural color of the root is always visible. Most of the nomadic rugs are two-ply, and about half of the rural rugs are one-ply, which are often used as dyes in the weaves. Therefore, most of the Qashqai, Baharloo, and Arab carpets have red fabric, most of the Neyrizi carpets have white color, the Abadeh weavers have blue designs, and the Lori fabric has mostly black and brown colors.
The texture of Persian carpets differs in each tribe and each region. It is also the case that stylistic differences depend on the type and construction of the weave. Common designs that are mostly seen in Persian carpets are divided into ten groups: bird pictures and bird heads, plant themes, shrub paintings, animal motifs, derivatives of a solar wheel, types of flowers, stars, checkered shapes, motifs of leaves, and arrangements in the middle of the thorns.
Farsi people, who lived long before the Qashqais, were deeply acquainted with the weaving and creation of Iranian carpets. Khamseh carpets and hand-woven carpets of certain villages can be mentioned in addition to Qashqai carpets which are very popular in Fars Province.