April 15, 2021
Pottery is one of the first and most important man-made inventions. It is also one of the most important artistic manifestations for historians and archaeologists. Archaeologists become acquainted with the social and economic conditions of a period or region through pottery.
Pottery in Iran has a long history. Due to the special geographical location of Iran, in almost every part of Iran, people have been involved in pottery construction at different times. However, there are two major areas in the production of cobblestones, including the Naskht section, west of Zagros Mountains, and Lorestan Province. These two regions were the first areas on the Iranian plateau to start pottery.
The art of pottery dates back to the history of human life. The four elements of water, wind, earth, and fire have been combined to create the oldest art. The oldest pottery objects found in Iranian archeological excavations are the artifacts discovered from Ganj Darreh in Kermanshah Province and also the Belt Cave in the south of Mazandaran, which belong to the eighth millennium BC. Pottery flourished in the Islamic Period in Iran. The Seljuk Period can be considered one of the brilliant periods of Islamic art with the most important developments in the pottery industry.
Pottery is considered one of the sacred and oldest arts of Iran, which is still popular among Shirazis. Many pottery galleries are still the backbone of Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz.