April 15, 2021
From ancient times the mosaics with their dazzling colors have played a key role in the design and architecture of the world. Mosaic, with a combination of pieces of glass or other materials that are carefully put together, gives a very attractive appearance to the urban environment. These mosaics are mainly made of ivory, oysters, and stone. Mosaic in Islamic architecture consists mainly of geometric shapes with vibrant colors that can be seen both in the interior architecture and in the exterior of buildings. At the time of Shapur I, Roman art in Iran had a great impact, because, among the tens of thousands of Roman captives who settled in Iran as a result of the defeat of the Roman emperor Valerian, there were artists who created new styles as a result of their contact with Iranian artists.
However, Shapur's mosaics are completely Iranian in terms of people’s portraits, the clothes of the women who are portrayed, the way the people sit, and especially in terms of painting style.
The art of mosaic has been a counterpart of Iran’s historical sites since the Safavid dynasty. You will see many artistic mosaic works in mosques and gardens in Shiraz. Also, many young artists are displaying their modern works throughout the city especially near Hafezieh and Sadieh Tombs.