April 15, 2021
The history of miniature art in Iran begins with Mani. The miniature is one of the intangible cultural heritages of Iran, which has been registered by UNESCO. Based on the figures and roles that Mani portrays in his book in the third century AD, we know him as the pioneer of this style of painting. Mani introduced himself as a prophet during the Sassanid era and presented a picture book called Arjang. After that, for a long time, no trace of this art was found in any other forms. During the early post-Islamic period and after the collapse of the Sassanid rule, according to written evidence, the effects of Sassanid art could be seen in the paintings of the 7th to 12th centuries AD. At that time, the visual display was so strong that it began to spread beyond the geographical borders and into the Seljuk-dominated nations. Fars is in the realm of book-making arts (painting, gilding, writing, and imitation). By taking advantage of its pre-Islamic historical heritage, Fars takes these arts to a new stage. After Western styles of painting began to flourish, Iranian painting entered a new era.
Miniature, as the only Iranian painting style, was very popular since 3rd century. Although Iranian miniatures are still being painted, they have lost their popularity as the only style of Iranian painting. This style has two main features: full round faces with narrow mouths and slanted eyes, and a completely inspired style in presenting structures, plants, animals and natural landscapes.