April 15, 2021
The way southern Lurs dress is specific to their region, and different from that of Bakhtiari tribe who reside in west of Isfahan, east of Lorestan and Khozestan province. Today, the traditional attire is mostly worn by elder women, however, it is customary for Lurs to hold a separate wedding ceremony in which everyone puts on traditional clothing.
This tradition, and the clothes that come with it, date back to the 14th century and the Timurid era.
The southern Lur women don a headdress called Meyna, which is covered by a cloth called “Charghad” or “Lachak”. A small hat is also placed under the Meyna to cover the rest of a woman’s hair. This hat is usually adorned with traditional accessories.
Covering the upper body is a shirt, which is as long as the distance from a woman’s neck to her feet. This long sleeved, cuffed shirt has a design specific to the Lur women of Fars, Khozestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad and Charmahal and Bakhtiari provinces.
However, the most eye-catching part of the attire is neither the shirt nor the headdress. The real art lies in the skirts which use up to 12 meters of fabric. The skirts are ruffled and have an elastic band at the waist. The color and material of the fabric depend on the weather, the tribe, and the age of the women. Younger girls wear bright colors whereas older women tend to choose darker colors.
The Lur men cover their heads with a felt hat. They wear a doublet on top of a shirt which is called “Jelisgheh”. They add to the layers with Arkhalig which is a tight-waist jacket, covering the body from shoulders to knees. The fabric for an Arkhalig is usually shiny. Then comes “Aba” or “Ghaba”, which is an outer garment, made of various material depending on the season and the weather.
The men also wear “Tonban” which is a kind of pants with tight legs. The legs are sometimes buttoned to allow easier movement during activities such as running.
The footwear is called “Giveh” or “Orsi” which is similar to today’s leather loafers.
The traditional garments of nomadic Fars are not only colorful, but they also display the status of the one who’s wearing them. By looking closely at the way the nomads dress, one can learn a lot about their way of life.