Jijim

April 15, 2021

Shekoufeh Ahmadi Arts & Crafts
Reading Time: 2 Minutes

Jajim is a two-sided and relatively thick woven handicraft that is woven in west and northwest of Iran. Jajims are mostly used as carpets. The patterns and colors that you see on Jajim are obtained by using the same thread and fabric that can be seen from both sides. Jajims are usually 20 to 50 cm wide and 8 to 10 meters long, and their patterns are usually repeated along the threads. These designs include: corrugated, stair, congressional and checkered. The nomads of western Iran and most of Kurdistan Province use Jajim as something they can place rollaway mattresses in. Today, we are witnessing the production of another type of Jajim with advanced devices, synthetic fibers, and prefabricated dyes for its texture, known as machine Jajim. But handmade and traditional Jajim has a better and more intimate feeling than factory models.

Passing the old bazaar of Shiraz, we see bags, shoes, blankets, and fabrics made of Jajim. Nomads usually weave Jajim to cover their furniture and beds, hence its local name is "Poshan" (cover). Shiraz Jajim is woven in different colors and mostly light colors are used in the texture. The patterns in Shiraz Jajims are checkered, congress, pool, rhombus, and so forth. Hand-woven Jajims can be seen in the form of embossed flowers and needlework that are specific to Persian nomads. They are very similar to kilim.

In a Nutshell

Jajim is a type of hand-woven handicraft that is made of wool or silk threads and is similar to kilim. It is used as a carpet, or a cover for furniture or bedding. This design is specific to the Qashqai Tribe, especially the Kashkooli family. Some villages also use it for dowry.

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