April 15, 2021
Gabbeh is a type of carpet, and like carpet weaving, it has great artistic value. Some researchers have named this rug Gabbeh because of its thickness and its use. It can be said that the history of the origin and production of Gabbeh dates back to the time of early humans because they initially used the skins of different animals as their mats and over time and with experience, they were able to produce the first warp and weft mats from animal wool.
Gabbeh, which is also known as Khorsak rug, is made the same as a rug with the difference that it is produced in smaller sizes. Fars province, with 150 years of history in the field of Gabbeh weaving can be considered one of the pioneers of this art in Iran. This region includes tribes such as Qashqai, Khamseh, Mamasani, and Bakhtiari tribes. Other important centers of Gabbeh texture include two domes, Basht, Telgar, Cheshmeh Belqis, Deh Sheikh, and Charam in Kohkiluyeh, Deh Olya, and Deh Sofla Olya, Borazjan, and the rural areas of Shool and Deh Kohneh in Bushehr Province. Gabbeh is sometimes registered according to its weaving tribe and sometimes according to the city in which it’s sold, like Lori Gabbeh or Shirazi Gabbeh.
One of the main differences between Gabbeh and carpet or rug is the size, the height of the piles that sometimes reach one centimeter, the number of wefts that are used in them, which is also a factor for the softness of Gabbeh.
Gabbeh is a kind of small carpet. Gabbeh or Khorsak Rug is a famous Shirazi handicraft that is woven by Qashqai nomads. Gabbeh is softer than kilim because it has more wefts in its texture. There is no plan in the texture of Gabbeh and this makes it completely different from other kinds of carpets. So, you can never find two identical Gabbehs!