April 15, 2021
Ceramic tiles are one of the oldest man-made structures. The abundance of raw materials and the ease of production have made ceramic objects one of the oldest human finds.
Tile industry and tiling, which is mostly used in decorating the architecture of Iran, and especially religious buildings, has certain special features. This art and has long been evidence of the skill and taste of the tile maker. The artist uses and combines different colors or puts together small pieces of colored stones according to the design. Simple geometric designs, curved lines, semicircles, triangles, and parallel lines on which another vertical line is drawn are images that are based on the findings of earlier periods, with a variety of geometric drawings of flowers, leaves, plants, and animals. The decorations left from the Achaemenid period indicate the use of colored and patterned glazed bricks and their combination. The bodies of the buildings of Susa and Persepolis are decorated with such a combination. In addition to the balance and proportionality used in the composition of the design components, the main role still reflects the true status and identity of the soldiers depicted in carvings. Ceramics have also been used to decorate the inscriptions. The main text color of the tiles of the Achaemenid period is often yellow, green, and brown, and the glaze on the bricks is composed of gypsum and baked soil.
The harmonious design in ceramic owes its beauty to the mastery of Iranian artists. In Estahban, ceramic dishes are produced with great variety and quality. In the past few years, Shiraz, Estahban, Kazerun, and Marvdasht were selected as special areas for the production of ceramic pottery. Estahban ceramic pottery was registered as part of the intangible heritages of Fars province.