Bishapour is one of the few cities in the world whose history is written in an ancient inscription. According to an inscription written on two columns of the ancient city of Bishapour, this city was built during Sassanid era and the reign of Shapur I. The construction of this city, designed by an architect named "Apasa", dates back to 241-272 AD. After the war between Iran and the Roman Empire and the victory of Shapur over Valerian, Shapur ordered the construction of this city on the Persepolis-Ctesiphon road and named it after himself.
The most important historical monument in the ancient city of Bishapour is Anahita Temple (goddess of water). Water has a high value among the Aryans and Zoroaster. The architecture and engineering, of this temple, are considered one of the masterpieces of Sassanid era.
Other monuments include:
*Six very beautiful and majestic relics carved on the narrow cliffs of Choukan.
*A huge hall with an area of about 781 square meters, which is known as the ceremonial hall.
*The place of vows.
*The mosaic porch.
The ancient city of Bishapour is located 23 kilometers northwest of Kazerun. Bishapour was designed by the Greeks with an engineering method invented by Hippodamus. The city is built on rectangular ground with four gates and two streets intersecting. The city of Bishapour consists of two main parts: the royal citadel includes landmarks such as Anahita Temple, Shapur Ceremony Hall, Mosaic Porch, and Valerian Palace and a residential area including houses, baths, inns, and bazaars.