April 15, 2021
Although our hectic, modern life style barely leaves enough room for tradition, there are still villagers and nomads in Fars Province who follow the old ways and find the time to sew and don their traditional garb. Even in Shiraz, the capital city of Fars, one can still find the not-so-subtle hint of the city’s rich historic background in people’s way of life. From the diverse cultures and various traditions, to the numerous accents and dialects, and the warmth and hospitality of the people of this historical land, every individual is a symbol of the radiant sun amidst the smoke and noise of today's life.
In Fars, there are several ethnicities that can be distinguished by the way they dress. They put on beautiful, colorful garments, each of which is a symbol of the culture and civilization of their predecessors.
Clothing traditions of Fars are one of the oldest in Iran, with the province being the cradle of Cyrus and the Achaemenids. Achaemenids were famous for the specificity of their clothes. Depending on their jobs and rank, different people wore different types of garments during said era. Soldiers, servants, the general public, and kings, for example, wore different costumes.
An example of traditional clothing of the people of Fars province is the clothing of nomads. The clothing of nomadic women is mostly available in cheerful and varied colors, inspired by nature. Their garments include hats, arkhalaq, tonbans (loose-fitting pants), shoes, scarves, shirts and skirts (gher).
Shirazi traditional garbs for men also consists of beautiful pieces such as a long shirt that is sometimes patterned and sometimes plain, dark pants, a thin long-sleeved silk cloak, an edged felt hat, either simple or decorated with deer antlers, and a waistband that is fastened on the shirt in addition to a robe worn on the whole ensemble.
Today’s fashion however, can be considered a product of modernism. As a form of defying tradition, modernist views and cognition have broken away from the past. This defiance also manifests itself in the way we dress today.
Despite the strict dress-code of Islamic Iran, Iranian fashion designers have found a way to make fashion their own, implementing certain elements of traditional clothing like needle-lace, glass beads and certain patterns into western items of clothing such as trench coats.
When visiting Fars Province, not only will you encounter a variety of bright colors in traditional nomadic wear, but it will also feel like fashion week when walking down the street and visiting high-end boutiques. After all, Shirazi people have had a lot of practice getting all dressed up since 550 BC!